Sunday, July 13, 2014

Understanding Darkness

Below I present to you my reflections and my theories concerning dark energy and dark matter (a subject of cosmology, physical cosmology and also astrophysics.) You might want to indulge yourselves. Oh, and if you find this exact same writing elsewhere on the internet, do not fret, I have not plagiarized someone else! I am actually the founder of an astronomical society which I don't hook up with my author pen name and this would be the first time I'm sharing a work I've written for the society, here on my author blog. So if you find this writing in other places, know that yes, I am the author of that.

Now, I just wanted to share with you some thoughts that I've been having lately on dark matter and dark energy. We all don't know what it is. In fact, despite all of our advancements in astrophysics, we still have no clue what this stuff is. According to NASA Science Astrophysics' statistics, roughly 68% of the universe is dark energy, 27% of the universe is dark matter, then lastly AND leastly, the stuff we call normal matter— which is us, all the planets and stars and galaxies we've ever had the pleasure of discovering and observing— makes up only 5% of everything! In fact, we and what we are able to observe that is made up of the same substances that we are capable of detecting— we are the odd ones out in the universe, we are in fact not the "normal" ones, because we're just so different! So why can't we figure out what all that darkness is? Well, the answer to that is simple. We can't figure it out because it is entirely alien to us. We, as a species, are only capable of developing instruments to aid us in finding what we already know we're looking for. We can't create things to aid us in discovering a reality that is entirely unrelated to our own! Even the material that we use to put together a telescope comes from minerals that were born in our stars, combusted here on our Earth— it is all made up of the stuff that is familiar to us, of the stuff that we ourselves are made up of and are capable of comprehending! So as you can see, we are not capable of creating things that could aid us to find material that is completely foreign to us, simply because that is beyond our level of reach. How can one invent a telescope made of our matter, in order to detect a matter that is not even related to our own matter— see?

A more chilling (or exciting) fact about our universe with relations to dark matter and dark energy, is the fact that this whole universe as we know it, is expanding! Yes, our universe is in fact expanding! It seems like astronomical objects are moving away from us; but in actuality, it is the darkness in between which is growing! They say dark energy is expanding (imagine stretching a black, rubber sheet) and while this darkness expands, everything that is "normal" sitting on top of it (or embedded into it, whichever way you want to look at it), apparently travels further and further away from each other! And that is why we are able to observe redshift when viewing objects in our skies. Redshift means that something is moving away while a blueshift would mean the opposite of that. So to put it simply, the darkness is growing!

What is this growing darkness? And we find ourselves at the same point of origin that we began at— the question of what this stuff is! Well, let's wrap this thought up by saying that this is open to individual theory. After all, the universe belongs to everyone! Which means that you may theorize about it just as much as any astrophysicist feels free to theorize about it. Personally, I think that dark matter + dark energy could very well be a parallel universe so foreign to our own, that we possess no means whatsoever of understanding it. And vice versa. Our two universes may very well be each others' "dark energy and dark matter." They may also observe their universe and say, "what is this weird stuff we can't put a finger on?" And by parallel universe I don't really mean like a Fringe version of parallel universe where there are blimps and they don't have coffee, rather, I mean parallel universe to the extent that the very fabric of their reality is something totally alien to us. Perhaps we as a human race, are the only species of our kind in all universes and perchance this other universe is populated with individuals that do not resemble us in atoms, molecules, quarks and the like. Or maybe the darkness is actually what many religions and spiritualities refer to as "Heaven"— a place where the gods/God are/is. After all, there is a whole lot of it! There is enough room for every Heaven of every religion and every God of every belief system! And what are we? Well I guess that would make us the wanderers, the adventurers, the explorers, the observers, the seekers, the thinkers and the dreamers. The ones who look up into the skies at night. The ones who pray and believe and dream. And I guess that makes us weird. I guess that makes all the difference.

Celestial Atlas by Jamieson, Published 1822

Saturday, July 12, 2014

When you're all alone, do you like you?

I came across this today, it made me smile, it made me teary-eyed, it made my heart happy! I'd like to share this with everyone on the planet, so here you go:

Saturday, July 5, 2014

The EU Paradox (and more!)

I'm currently studying HEC Paris'(Ecole des hautes études commerciales de Paris) EU Studies course. For those of you who aren't familiar, HEC Paris  is a private business school established in 1881, located in the southern suburbs of Paris, France. HEC is the business school of ParisTech and is considered as one of the most prominent business schools in the world.

A few weeks ago we had a written assignment to pass, which I found quite challenging. It was challenging because we were required to express and present so much in less than 1000 words. I wanted to share my assignment here on my blog, because I believe that it can be of use to inquiring minds and I also believe that it presents a new way of considering democratic participation when looking at politics.

Here was our task:

"How could you explain that, although the European Union has been continously extending its fields of competence and the European Parliament has been gaining more powers, turn out in the elections for the European Parliament seems to have steadily declined? What do you think could be done to increase the participation of the citizens in the democratic life of the EU? 

The essay should demonstrate a strong understanding of the materials provided in the lecture and the interactions between the different "players of the EU game". Please note that defining democratic participation may be not only a useful but an essential part of answering this question.

Please adhere to a 500 - 1.000 words range, neither exceeding the maximum word count nor failing to meet the minimum."

Below is my undertaking:

         Today, we face a paradox: though the European Union is esteemed to be improving through a growing number of competences and a creeping reach of influence and power; the popularity amongst its people seems to be dwindling and this is reflected in the turnout of the European Parliament elections. In this year's May Elections, for instance, the centre-right European People's Party won the most seats but came up well short of a majority. In Denmark, France, and Great Britain, rightist groups opposed to the European Union won unprecedented victories. Elsewhere, populist parties won significant seats. In total, roughly a quarter of all seats went to parties skeptical of the EU or protest parties. Thus, the election was seen as anti-establishment. In France, the Front National Party has beaten both the mainstream parties in this election, capturing 26 per cent of the vote share. The other topper is the stridently anti-immigrant and EU-sceptic UK Independence Party that trounced the ruling Conservative Party and the opposition Labour Party. The extreme left party in Greece has emerged as the other major anti-establishment platform in these polls; not to mention small inroads made by Germany’s new party that is skeptical of the Eurozone rather than the EU itself. Meanwhile, the EU has come very far from its humble beginnings in the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC) formed by just six countries in 1951 and 1958, respectively, to later growing in size by the ongoing accession of new member states and growing in power by the addition of policy areas to its remit. Today we are witnesses to the EU's single market and we admire how passport controls have been abolished within the Schengen Areathus allowing residents free movement, equal privileges and right of abode. Moreover, EU policies aim to ensure free movement of not just people; but of capital, goods and services. Today, the union maintains permanent diplomatic missions throughout the world and represents itself at the UN, the WTO, the G-8 and the G-20. Furthermore, we can see the EU competences ranging from Commercial Policy and Common Fisheries Policy amongst its exclusive competence; to the Internal Market, Transport and Energy amongst its shared competence; to Culture and Tourism amongst its supportive competence. Despite all of this, coupled with a hand-in-hand system of support between the European Parliament and the two other EU Institutions involved in EU legislation (The Council of the European Union and The European Commission), as well as the other EU Institutions such as the Court of Justice of the EU, the European Central Bank and so on and so forth— Euroscepticism is still on the rise!
         I believe that it is beneficial to have an understanding of what can and should be expected, in the first place. How can we determine what is disproportional or "wrong" if we do not even know what can be expected, what can be considered as a "democratic participation"? I actually think this proposes a philosophical angle of thought: is "disproportional" really in fact equivalent to "wrong"? If the positive growth and the positive efforts of the EU have not garnered a response from EU Citizens that can be considered proportional to its actions; can this be truly seen as wrong, given the fact that we ultimately consider the highest good to be the democratic one/ the true desire and voice of the people? 
 William R. Schonfeld has an incredibly interesting take on this which can be found in his book, The Meaning of Democratic Participation. Says Schonfeld, "The work of some political scientists is consonant with the assumption that 'asymmetry' is a fact of organizational life. That is to say, within social and political units, 'abilities to produce intended effects and derive benefits are unequally distributed; ... someone affects more than he is affected, controls more than he is controlled and/or gets more than what is allocated.' Democracy is a type of hierarchical relationship which mutes and reduces asymmetry through participation. Other work explicitly argues that symmetry is possible or at least might be approached. While asymmetry may be modal in practice, examples of "real democracy" do exist and should serve as models for emulation." Reading this, the questions that I am led to tackle, are:
  1. Is a participatory democracy a true democracy or by refusing to participate in something that one does not believe in, is that individual in fact expressing his right to a true democracy?
  2. Or does the act of refusal in fact constitute a participatory democracy in that a choice is exercised? 
  3. Is democracy enacted through doing what we are told is democratic or is democracy enacted through doing whatever we want— even when what we want is against what we have been told is democratic? 
          When I began writing this essay, I thought that I already had my answers in mind! I was going to say that I believe education— though a long-term method— is always the best way to encourage awareness of a cause or a cure— our particular "cause/cure" being a more involved turnout at the European Parliament elections and a more favourable opinion of the EU in general. I am the farthest thing from a "Eurosceptic" and in fact, I look to the EU as the loving hands that descend to care and protect its people to a degree that other nations can only dream of! So I was going to suggest the education of the young ones in school and the education of European society as a whole, as the best means of producing a more active awareness and desire in the people to make an influence for the betterment of the EU's efforts and reach. But after pondering upon what Schonfeld wrote, I wonder if the true "democratic participation" is in fact the active choice to do or not to do as one is led to believe should be done! If so, then I, friend of freedom, have nothing more to say. 


  • "8th European Parliamentary Election", Current Affairs, Accessed May 31, 2014.

  • "EU Institutions and Other Bodies", Accessed May 31, 2014.

  • "European Union", Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia, Accessed May 31, 2014.

  • William R. Schonfeld (1975). The Meaning of Democratic Participation. World Politics, 28, pp 134-158. doi:10.2307/2010033. 

  • Monday, June 30, 2014

    Equine Healthcare Plan!

    Hello wonderfuls!

             What I have to share with you today has nothing to do with my writing or with any other sort of thing that I usually discuss here. Today I want to share with you my recent assignment that I have done for the Equine Studies course that I am taking via long-distance learning with a University in the United States. So our assignment this week was to come up with a healthcare plan based upon four types of equine internal parasites and also four types of equine diseases. We were instructed to come up with a plan for de-worming and also for vaccination. All of the assignments in this course can be based upon either a horse that we own or a hypothetical horse that we own only in our imagination! So basically, the idea is to comprehend four basic parasites and four basic diseases threatening our real or hypothetical horse, and to provide a healthcare system to address those.
             So I thought that I'd share my assignment with all of you, just in case it could be of use to any horse owners out there, anybody doing research on the subject, so on and so forth. I think that I came up with a rather comprehensive plan and that's why I think it could be put to good use if I share it here on my blog, for the world's taking! So, I hope this will be of interest to you, if only to widen your variety of knowledge!

    Equine Healthcare Plan
    Assignment # 5


    First of all, I would like to introduce you to my hypothetical horse which I have been describing here since the very first assignment. His name is Windsong, he's a non-breeding Falabella Miniature Horse stallion who weighs only 25 kg. and stands at only 29 inches in height. He lives in the State of Florida and is a companion horse who spends a lot of his time indoors (inside the family home), as most miniatures do. Like many miniatures, he sleeps in a bed with a blanket (very cute), although we (my family and I) have also provided him with a small stable in our gated backyard, sort of like an "out house" for him where he can seek shelter while outdoors. A large backyard is already adequate foraging grounds for a Falabella Miniature Horse, because it is very small! The general rule of 2 acres per horse simply doesn't apply to this breed of horse. Also, the general rule of 3% of feed per body weight doesn't apply either, as miniature horses are supposed to only be fed 1.5% of their body weight! In fact, the variety of standards that apply to average-size horses don't apply to the Falabella Miniature Horses; so with every new assignment I always have to do separate research on what this specific breed of horse needs! Moreover, I don't actually live in Florida where my beloved hypothetical horse lives here on paper; so I have to do an adequate amount of research on the regional area in order to expound my understanding of my Windsong's needs in that part of the world.

    De-worming Plan

    According to my research, it has been discovered that providing a general rule of de-worming for all horses is not advised and could in fact be hazardous! According to the McKee-Pownall Equine Services Veterinarians, it's not one stroke for all folks when it comes to de-worming equids! Each equid has individual needs and not all equids in a pasture would share the same level of infestation risk. For example, one horse may not have the same amount of infestation as the next horse and dosing all horses with the same amounts of de-worming drugs is apparently the very reason why there is a level of resistance that often develops in the parasites. So the key is to first identify the individual needs of the equids and drug them accordingly. Each horse needs its "own stroke." 
    Fortunately, we can detect and classify these high, medium, and low burden horses through fecal examinations at appropriate times of the year. 
    Now, according to my research here, the four types of parasites I should be most concerned about in the state of Florida, are the :

    1. Large Strongyles (strongylus vulgaris) which are more of a problem year-round really, just because their incubation period (time it takes for them to mature) is six months! Because of this long incubation period, treatment for this would start in the Spring (March, April, May) and in the Summer (June July, August), in order to prevent infestations spreading in the Winter (December, January, February)— when infestations of this type would normally happen. In fact, according to the veterinarians over at The Horse, what this means for the horse world is that larvae disappear rapidly from pastures during hot, dry weather, but they survive extremely well in freezing conditions. In most regions of the United States, infective larvae present on pasture in October can persist until the following May or June. The treatment for this infestation is usually Ivermectin given at 6-month intervals.
    2. Small Strongyles (bloodworms or cyathostomes). Larval cyathostomosis occurs seasonally, usually during Winter and Spring. The treatments for this type of parasite are generally administered at 2-month intervals with Ivermectin and a 3-month interval treatment with Moxidectin, from September to March each year.
    3. Ascarids (large roundworms). According to The University of Florida's Department of Animal Sciences, Because ascarids shed a very tough egg that can survive in the environment for several years, and only hatches after being swallowed by a horse, transmission of that worm is non-seasonal and not affected by changes in climate. On most breeding farms, the majority of eggs ingested by this year’s foals were passed by foals on the same farm during the preceding year! Generally, the idea with this particular parasite is to try and build immunity during a foal's first year of life by de-worming with BZDs, Pyrantel, Ivermectin, or Moxidectin at 2-month intervals during the foal's entire first year of life.
    4. Tapeworms. This is a common parasite amongst horses and little is known about its seasonality, although it has been suggested in our lectures here in our class, that typically this type of parasite is a problem during Spring, Summer and Fall. According to The University of Florida's Department of Animal Sciences,  Ivermectin-Praziquantel or Moxidectin-Praziquantel given as a daily treatment is recommended to control this parasite. But I think this is a rough guide and I will get to my own personal de-worming plan in a second.

    The above information I've listed in numbers is just a general guide and my real de-worming plan, as tailored to my Falabella Miniature Horse's needs, would be something that is recommended by the veterinarians over at McKee-Pownall Equine Services. First of all, their recommended plan is based upon individual needs of the horses (whether the horse is classified as a high, medium or low burden horse as determine by fecal examinations.) Then going from there, a plan is developed. I should also point out and make it very clear that Miniature Horses require a slightly different deworming approach, as they should not receive Moxidectin products! So let's say my hypothetical horse is classified as medium-burden, here is the de-worming schedule that I would follow for him:

    • One or two treatments with Fenbendazole (Panacur) in April, followed by a fecal examination 8-10 weeks after that initial treatment. Then in July my horse would receive another scheduled treatment with Fenbendazole- Pyrantel (may be administered together.) Another fecal exam would be scheduled for a 2 weeks post-July treatment. His next treatment would come in November with a dose of Ivermectin- Praziquantel (may be administered together if required.)

    Vaccination Plan

    First to be noted is the fact that Miniature Horses do require the same dosage of vaccinations as regular-size horses. However, they are not supposed to be given combo-shots that include the West Nile vaccine, because it is too much for their system to handle. Below is a list of four diseases I would be concerned about in the region of Florida and during what times of year or how many times a year the vaccines for these diseases should be administered. I have taken my vaccination plan decisions from my research at Fair Grove Veterinary ServiceAmerican Miniature Horses dot comAAEP (American Association of Equine Practitioners) and Ramblin' Rose Miniature Horse Ranch, and I am structuring my plan based upon a Miniature Horse stallion who has not had any prior vaccinations. 

    1. West Nile Virus. Apparently, horses traveling to the State of Florida need to be boostered with this disease's vaccination 2 weeks before said travel date. Moreover, it looks like veterinarians in problem areas like Florida vaccinate against this disease 2-4 times per year! This vaccine is a "Spring Vaccine" and should be given during the Spring months (March, April, May) with an initial booster shot in 4 weeks and then regular boosters should be given every 6 months thereafter. However, since it has a 6-month interval, this vaccine is also classified as a Fall vaccine and administration of boosters may also be given during the Fall (September, October, November.)
    2. Tetanus Toxoid. Tetanus on its own is given as a 2-dose vaccine, where the 2'nd dose is administered 4-6 weeks after the initial one, with an annual revaccination. However, this disease's vaccine is often administered as part of the VEWT (Venezuelan, Eastern and Western Encephalomyelitis and Tetanus) 
      vaccine that is given during Springtime, before the onset of the vector season.
    3. Rabies. The anti-rabies vaccine, in Miniature Horses, should only be given once— initially in the Spring and then the boosters would come every 2-3 years. There is a difference here between regular-size horses, who should receive annual boosters after the initial dosage.
    4. EEE/WEE (Eastern Western Equine Encephalomyelitis). This vaccine should be administered during the Springtime. Initially, we would be giving a 2-dose treatment, with the 2'nd dose given 4-6 weeks after the first. Revaccinations (boosters) should be given prior to the onset of the next vector season (meaning next Spring.) However, some argue that this vaccine should be given twice a year! I believe that the frequency of administration of boosters should be determined by an experienced veterinarian working in the actual nearby area where my hypothetical horse lives, determined by the vet's professional assessment of my horse's needs.


    Tuesday, June 24, 2014

    How to buy a C. JoyBell C. book!

    Hello, wonderfuls!

             People often message and email me to ask which of my books I would suggest that they start with. It's rather hard to answer that question point-blank, because in order to suggest books to people, you have to be their personal friend first, really know them, really know what they are looking for in a read or what they really need from a book. So I thought I'd make a blog post addressing this very issue, providing you with insight about each of my books, for whom I would suggest them, so on and so forth. I think this would prove to be very helpful for all of you!
             Let me first start by saying that all of my books have an esoteric inclination, although to different degrees and in different ways. That means that generally speaking— seekers and thinkers would benefit most from reading my words. Although I should also add that I have met some of the least spiritual people who have come to recognize the existence of their souls after reading even a single quote from my works. So I guess it really depends on a person's destiny, after all. Still, I can give you a good recommendation on what would most possibly suit a person, based upon the individual souls of my books. So here goes!

             The Conversation of Merachefet is the most deeply and highly esoteric of all my works. I doubt that everyone who reads it would be able to understand it. In fact, I almost didn't release this book due to the level of its esotericism. Every time I myself pick up this book, the weather physically changes and I change along with it! And it's always something new every time! This book will bond with the energies of a person who has a high vibrational frequency. In these pages I bring forth universal truths that span over the beginning of time and on into the future. I almost didn't release this book because I didn't want senseless, dumb people to read it and then just not understand any of it, or even worse, possibly even give the book a bad review or a low rating! It would be like throwing pearls to pigs! But then I realized that if I didn't release it, there would be many people deserving of pearls who would never receive them. So I recommend this book to those who seek truth of all forms and who are willing to be changed by it.

             This book makes reference to magick and also to fantasy (notice I separate magick from fantasy.) There is a true magick and then there is fantasy. This book offers a platter containing both. I would recommend this to the fantasy-lover as well as the magickal seekers/practitioners. This would also be a good read for those who believe in the concept of soul mates and twin flames. Furthermore, these pages contain erotica (towards the end of the book) so it would also be a good read for those of you who are, well, "turned-on" by erotic writings. In a nutshell, this book contains the essence of magick, fantasy, eternal love and hot sex!

             This is the erotica-free (sans erotica) version of the above book. Contains everything in the erotic version, except for the hot sex! So if you want magick, fantasy, eternal love but no hot sex— this is the better choice for you!

             This is the same book as above, just in a different cover style.

             Same sans erotica version as above, different cover style.

             The poetry in this book has been described by some readers as "magical and luminous." Many of the poems I have in these pages are those that I wrote on my travels when I was finding and getting to know myself. This leg of my travels was a sacred, spiritual journey for me and I believe that comes across in a very unhampered, clear way, to the reader. I would describe it as incense rising into the senses.
             Many of the writings in this book are esoteric in nature and also allude to mythology. 

             This is a very character-driven novella that explores human movement and its relationship to inner emotions, cause and consequence of events that reverberate through time and affect other people in a diverse range of ways, the depth of the human psyche and how the mind works during conversation and recollections of past happenings and memories. It also explores the exact depth of human relationships and how those relationships affect our interactions with other people not necessarily associated with those primary connections. This is all explored in a sudden, forceful way. It's been said about my book, that it was perhaps written "in a wild, maddening, passionate rush." It's true, because that is exactly how I wrote it! 
              I believe this book suits those who like character-driven stories and who are not simply looking for a passing entertainment; but rather, looking for a mentally stimulating and emotionally gripping literary piece.

             This book is rather set apart from the rest, not only because I illustrated it myself, but because the tone comes from a more "every day" place. The poetry here is more tangible; but tangible in an esoteric way. While you read this book, you will be able to quickly form connections between the poetry written here and your everyday relationships with people, as well as those not-so-everyday relationships that sometimes tend to haunt you, echoing from your past. 
             This book has been reported by a few mothers of autistic children as having a soothing effect upon their child when it is read to them. I don't know why my book has this effect for some autistic children; but I'm thankful for that and I thought I would let you know about it.


             This is the "sister version" of the dragonfly book above. I also illustrated the pages of this one and I meant to write it in a similar, tangible and more physical fashion, as I have done with dragonflies

             The Sun Is Snowing was my first-ever published book and this current edition is already an improved, revised one. This book was written and published at a time when all that flowed through me was innocence and gentleness (I later went back though, and added more writings written from difficult experiences, which can be found in this revised version.) Everybody from children to adults to the elderly have expressed appreciation for the writings in this book, which have been described by many to be "very raw, very human, very gentle and very magical, heartwarming." Some people have even reported coming out of therapy due to owning and reading this book! I am astonished every time I hear reports like that! 
             Furthermore, there are many coloured, high-quality photos between these covers, coming from a wide range of photographers from all over the world— from the most professional artists to the girl standing outside with her camera, posting her captures to Flickr. 
             I would recommend this book as a gift for people in therapy and rehab, for children (with parental supervision) and for theorists (there are a number of original theories presented), for philosophers and for those who want to feel gentleness and experience healing.

             This book is a compilation of all the things I am quoted as saying and writing. As you may already know, my quotes are scattered all over the globe and have become a part of people's lives, everywhere. Initially, I didn't plan to publish a book containing all of my aphorisms; but the demand was great and it would simply be an easier way for my beloved readers and fans to have quick access to all of my short words that they love and cherish so dearly. So I went ahead and made this book, named it Vade Mecum, and watched how it has indeed become many people's "constant companion." Many people describe my words as "profound" and you will find many "love notes" addressed to me from my readers, in the closing portion of this book.

             I hope that you will find this book-choosing/buying entree to be very purposeful, helpful, and I hope that your "main dish" will be one (or more) of these works of mine. Have a day filled with happiness and I hope you choose well! Remember that I am an independent author, which means that I am responsible for my own books from start to finish! That also means that I am not backed by any huge, multi-million-dollar publishing company! I am my own publisher! So please bear with me if you cannot find my books at your local brick-and-mortar bookstores, that just means that I don't have contracts with multi-million-dollar publishing houses that would be responsible for hooking me up with brick-and-mortar bookstores. There are alternative ways for ordering my books, which goes to say that you can order them anywhere on the internet or directly from their individual CreateSpace bookstores. You can also order from and have them deliver my books to your favourite brick-and-mortar! Book Depository is a more affordable way to order online from anywhere on the planet, or if you prefer, you can always just approach your bookstore concierge/front desk/manager/owner, and place an order for any of my books, which would then arrive in about two weeks (arrival time depends on your book store.) You will be able to do this from anywhere on the globe and people have done this in the Middle East, Europe, Africa, SE Asia, so on and so forth. For easy links and more information, please don't hesitate to visit me!

    Saturday, June 21, 2014

    Loving this girl...

    I often say, that I am my fans' biggest fan. Truly, I gush over the people that gush over me. That's just the way that I am. This video is a good example of that! While I was watching this, I was blushing because I felt so shy to hear her say my name, "C. JoyBell C." and I was thrilled at the same time, because my book was being reviewed! I was also gushing over how beautiful this girl is! She's effortlessly beautiful and smart. And I love her ombre hair!

    Maaike, thank you so much for doing this review, I will cherish it (and you.) A hug and a kiss from me to you!